JAVA:Apache Commons工具集简介, BeanUtils, FileUpload, IO, Validator, Compress

       Apache Commons包含了很多开源的工具,用于解决平时编程经常会遇到的问题,减少重复劳动。下面是我这几年做开发过程中自己用过的工具类做简单介绍。

 

组件 功能介绍
BeanUtils 提供了对于JavaBean进行各种操作,克隆对象,属性等等.
Betwixt XML与Java对象之间相互转换.
Codec 处理常用的编码方法的工具类包 例如DES、SHA1、MD5、Base64等.
Collections java集合框架操作.
Compress java提供文件打包 压缩类库.
Configuration 一个java应用程序的配置管理类库.
DBCP 提供数据库连接池服务.
DbUtils 提供对jdbc 的操作封装来简化数据查询和记录读取操作.
Email java发送邮件 对javamail的封装.
FileUpload 提供文件上传功能.
HttpClien 提供HTTP客户端与服务器的各种通讯操作. 现在已改成HttpComponents
IO io工具的封装.
Lang Java基本对象方法的工具类包 如:StringUtils,ArrayUtils等等.
Logging 提供的是一个Java 的日志接口.
Validator 提供了客户端和服务器端的数据验证框架.

 

1、BeanUtils 提供了对于JavaBean进行各种操作, 比如对象,属性复制等等。

//1、 克隆对象
//	新创建一个普通Java Bean,用来作为被克隆的对象

	public class Person {
	private String name = "";
	private String email = "";

	private int age;
	//省略 set,get方法
	}

//	再创建一个Test类,其中在main方法中代码如下:
	import java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException;
	import java.util.HashMap;
	import java.util.Map;
	import org.apache.commons.beanutils.BeanUtils;
	import org.apache.commons.beanutils.ConvertUtils;
	public class Test {

	/**

	* @param args

	*/
	public static void main(String[] args) {
	Person person = new Person();
	person.setName("tom");
	person.setAge(21);
	try {
	        //克隆
		Person person2 =  (Person)BeanUtils.cloneBean(person);
		System.out.println(person2.getName()+">>"+person2.getAge());
	} catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
		e.printStackTrace();
	} catch (InstantiationException e) {
		e.printStackTrace();
	} catch (InvocationTargetException e) {
		e.printStackTrace();
	} catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
		e.printStackTrace();

	}

	}

	}

//	原理也是通过Java的反射机制来做的。
//	2、 将一个Map对象转化为一个Bean
//	这个Map对象的key必须与Bean的属性相对应。
	Map map = new HashMap();
	map.put("name","tom");
	map.put("email","tom@");
	map.put("age","21");
	//将map转化为一个Person对象
	Person person = new Person();
	BeanUtils.populate(person,map);
//	通过上面的一行代码,此时person的属性就已经具有了上面所赋的值了。
//  将一个Bean转化为一个Map对象了,如下:
    Map map = BeanUtils.describe(person)

 

2、Betwixt  XML与Java对象之间相互转换。

//1、 将JavaBean转为XML内容
	// 新创建一个Person类
	public class Person{
		private String name;
		private int age;
		/** Need to allow bean to be created via reflection */
		public PersonBean() {
		}
		public PersonBean(String name, int age) {
			this.name = name;
			this.age = age;
		}
		//省略set, get方法
		public String toString() {
			return "PersonBean[name='" + name + "',age='" + age + "']";
		}
	}
	
	//再创建一个WriteApp类:
	import java.io.StringWriter;
	import org.apache.commons.betwixt.io.BeanWriter;
	public class WriteApp {
	/**
	* 创建一个例子Bean,并将它转化为XML.
	*/
	public static final void main(String [] args) throws Exception {
		// 先创建一个StringWriter,我们将把它写入为一个字符串       
		StringWriter outputWriter = new StringWriter();
		// Betwixt在这里仅仅是将Bean写入为一个片断
		// 所以如果要想完整的XML内容,我们应该写入头格式
		outputWriter.write(“<?xml version=’1.0′ encoding=’UTF-8′ ?>\n”);
		// 创建一个BeanWriter,其将写入到我们预备的stream中
		BeanWriter beanWriter = new BeanWriter(outputWriter);
		// 配置betwixt
		// 更多详情请参考java docs 或最新的文档
		beanWriter.getXMLIntrospector().getConfiguration().setAttributesForPrimitives(false);
		beanWriter.getBindingConfiguration().setMapIDs(false);
		beanWriter.enablePrettyPrint();
		// 如果这个地方不传入XML的根节点名,Betwixt将自己猜测是什么
		// 但是让我们将例子Bean名作为根节点吧
		beanWriter.write(“person”, new PersonBean(“John Smith”, 21));
		//输出结果
		System.out.println(outputWriter.toString());
		// Betwixt写的是片断而不是一个文档,所以不要自动的关闭掉writers或者streams,
		//但这里仅仅是一个例子,不会做更多事情,所以可以关掉
		outputWriter.close();
		}
	}
//2、 将XML转化为JavaBean
	import java.io.StringReader;
	import org.apache.commons.betwixt.io.BeanReader;
	public class ReadApp {
	public static final void main(String args[]) throws Exception{
		// 先创建一个XML,由于这里仅是作为例子,所以我们硬编码了一段XML内容
		StringReader xmlReader = new StringReader(
		"<?xml version=’1.0′ encoding=’UTF-8′ ?> <person><age>25</age><name>James Smith</name></person>");
		//创建BeanReader
		BeanReader beanReader  = new BeanReader();
		//配置reader
		beanReader.getXMLIntrospector().getConfiguration().setAttributesForPrimitives(false);
		beanReader.getBindingConfiguration().setMapIDs(false);
		//注册beans,以便betwixt知道XML将要被转化为一个什么Bean
		beanReader.registerBeanClass("person", PersonBean.class);
		//现在我们对XML进行解析
		PersonBean person = (PersonBean) beanReader.parse(xmlReader);
		//输出结果
		System.out.println(person);
		}
	}

 

3、Codec 提供了一些公共的编解码实现,比如Base64, Hex, MD5,Phonetic and URLs等等。

//Base64编解码
private static String encodeTest(String str){
		Base64 base64 = new Base64();
		try {
			str = base64.encodeToString(str.getBytes("UTF-8"));
		} catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
			System.out.println("Base64 编码后:"+str);
		return str;
	}

	private static void decodeTest(String str){
		Base64 base64 = new Base64();
		//str = Arrays.toString(Base64.decodeBase64(str));
		str = new String(Base64.decodeBase64(str));
		System.out.println("Base64 解码后:"+str);
	}

 

4、Collections 对java.util的扩展封装,处理数据还是挺灵活的。

org.apache.commons.collections – Commons Collections自定义的一组公用的接口和工具类

org.apache.commons.collections.bag – 实现Bag接口的一组类

org.apache.commons.collections.bidimap – 实现BidiMap系列接口的一组类

org.apache.commons.collections.buffer – 实现Buffer接口的一组类

org.apache.commons.collections.collection – 实现java.util.Collection接口的一组类

org.apache.commons.collections.comparators – 实现java.util.Comparator接口的一组类

org.apache.commons.collections.functors – Commons Collections自定义的一组功能类

org.apache.commons.collections.iterators – 实现java.util.Iterator接口的一组类

org.apache.commons.collections.keyvalue – 实现集合和键/值映射相关的一组类

org.apache.commons.collections.list – 实现java.util.List接口的一组类

org.apache.commons.collections.map – 实现Map系列接口的一组类

org.apache.commons.collections.set – 实现Set系列接口的一组类

/**
		* 得到集合里按顺序存放的key之后的某一Key
		*/
		OrderedMap map = new LinkedMap();
		map.put("FIVE", "5");
		map.put("SIX", "6");
		map.put("SEVEN", "7");
		map.firstKey(); // returns "FIVE"
		map.nextKey("FIVE"); // returns "SIX"
		map.nextKey("SIX"); // returns "SEVEN" 
	
		/**
		* 通过key得到value
		* 通过value得到key
		* 将map里的key和value对调
		*/
	
		BidiMap bidi = new TreeBidiMap();
		bidi.put("SIX", "6");
		bidi.get("SIX");  // returns "6"
		bidi.getKey("6");  // returns "SIX"
		//	     bidi.removeValue("6");  // removes the mapping
		BidiMap inverse = bidi.inverseBidiMap();  // returns a map with keys and values swapped
		System.out.println(inverse);

		/**
		 * 得到两个集合中相同的元素
		 */
		List<String> list1 = new ArrayList<String>();
		list1.add("1");
		list1.add("2");
		list1.add("3");
		List<String> list2 = new ArrayList<String>();
		list2.add("2");
		list2.add("3");
		list2.add("5");
		Collection c = CollectionUtils.retainAll(list1, list2);
		System.out.println(c);

 

5、Compress commons compress中的打包、压缩类库。

//创建压缩对象
	ZipArchiveEntry entry = new ZipArchiveEntry("CompressTest");
	  //要压缩的文件
	  File f=new File("e:\\test.pdf");
	  FileInputStream fis=new FileInputStream(f);
	  //输出的对象 压缩的文件
	  ZipArchiveOutputStream zipOutput=new ZipArchiveOutputStream(new File("e:\\test.zip"));  
	  zipOutput.putArchiveEntry(entry);
	  int i=0,j;
	  while((j=fis.read()) != -1)
	  { 
	   zipOutput.write(j);
	   i++;
	   System.out.println(i);
	  }
	  zipOutput.closeArchiveEntry();
	  zipOutput.close();
	  fis.close();

 

6、Configuration 用来帮助处理配置文件的,支持很多种存储方式。
1. Properties files
2. XML documents
3. Property list files (.plist)
4. JNDI
5. JDBC Datasource
6. System properties
7. Applet parameters
8. Servlet parameters

//举一个Properties的简单例子
# usergui.properties
colors.background = #FFFFFF
colors.foreground = #000080
window.width = 500
window.height = 300

PropertiesConfiguration config = new PropertiesConfiguration("usergui.properties");
config.setProperty("colors.background", "#000000);
config.save();

config.save("usergui.backup.properties);//save a copy
Integer integer = config.getInteger("window.width");

 

7、DBCP  (Database Connection Pool)是一个依赖Jakarta commons-pool对象池机制的数据库连接池,Tomcat的数据源使用的就是DBCP。

import javax.sql.DataSource;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.Statement;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;

import org.apache.commons.pool.ObjectPool;
import org.apache.commons.pool.impl.GenericObjectPool;
import org.apache.commons.dbcp.ConnectionFactory;
import org.apache.commons.dbcp.PoolingDataSource;
import org.apache.commons.dbcp.PoolableConnectionFactory;
import org.apache.commons.dbcp.DriverManagerConnectionFactory;
//官方示例
public class PoolingDataSources {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
	 	System.out.println("加载jdbc驱动");
	 	try {
	 	Class.forName("oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver");
	 	} catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
	 	e.printStackTrace();
	 	}
	 	System.out.println("Done.");
	 	//
	 	System.out.println("设置数据源");
	 	DataSource dataSource = setupDataSource("jdbc:oracle:thin:@localhost:1521:test");
	 	System.out.println("Done.");
	 	
	 	//
	 	Connection conn = null;
	 	Statement stmt = null;
	 	ResultSet rset = null;
	 	
	 	try {
	 	System.out.println("Creating connection.");
	 	conn = dataSource.getConnection();
	 	System.out.println("Creating statement.");
	 	stmt = conn.createStatement();
	 	System.out.println("Executing statement.");
	 	rset = stmt.executeQuery("select * from person");
	 	System.out.println("Results:");
	 	int numcols = rset.getMetaData().getColumnCount();
	 	while(rset.next()) {
	 	for(int i=0;i<=numcols;i++) {
	 	System.out.print("\t" + rset.getString(i));
	 	}
	 	System.out.println("");
	 	}
	 	} catch(SQLException e) {
	 	e.printStackTrace();
	 	} finally {
	 	try { if (rset != null) rset.close(); } catch(Exception e) { }
	 	try { if (stmt != null) stmt.close(); } catch(Exception e) { }
	 	try { if (conn != null) conn.close(); } catch(Exception e) { }
	 	}
	 	}

	public static DataSource setupDataSource(String connectURI) {
		//设置连接地址
		ConnectionFactory connectionFactory = new DriverManagerConnectionFactory(
				connectURI, null);

		// 创建连接工厂
		PoolableConnectionFactory poolableConnectionFactory = new PoolableConnectionFactory(
				connectionFactory);

		//获取GenericObjectPool 连接的实例
		ObjectPool connectionPool = new GenericObjectPool(
				poolableConnectionFactory);

		// 创建 PoolingDriver
		PoolingDataSource dataSource = new PoolingDataSource(connectionPool);
		
		return dataSource;
	}
}

 

8、DbUtils Apache组织提供的一个资源JDBC工具类库,它是对JDBC的简单封装,对传统操作数据库的类进行二次封装,可以把结果集转化成List。,同时也不影响程序的性能。

DbUtils类:启动类
ResultSetHandler接口:转换类型接口
MapListHandler类:实现类,把记录转化成List
BeanListHandler类:实现类,把记录转化成List,使记录为JavaBean类型的对象
Qrery Runner类:执行SQL语句的类

import org.apache.commons.dbutils.DbUtils;
import org.apache.commons.dbutils.QueryRunner;
import org.apache.commons.dbutils.handlers.BeanListHandler;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.List;
//转换成list
public class BeanLists {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Connection conn = null;
        String url = "jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/ptest";
        String jdbcDriver = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver";
        String user = "root";
        String password = "ptest";

        DbUtils.loadDriver(jdbcDriver);
        try {
            conn = DriverManager.getConnection(url, user, password);
            QueryRunner qr = new QueryRunner();
            List results = (List) qr.query(conn, "select id,name from person", new BeanListHandler(Person.class));
            for (int i = 0; i < results.size(); i++) {
                Person p = (Person) results.get(i);
                System.out.println("id:" + p.getId() + ",name:" + p.getName());
            }
        } catch (SQLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            DbUtils.closeQuietly(conn);
        }
    }
}

public class Person{
    private Integer id;
    private String name;

   //省略set, get方法
}

import org.apache.commons.dbutils.DbUtils;
import org.apache.commons.dbutils.QueryRunner;
import org.apache.commons.dbutils.handlers.MapListHandler;

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.SQLException;

import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
//转换成map
public class MapLists {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Connection conn = null;
        String url = "jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/ptest";
        String jdbcDriver = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver";
        String user = "root";
        String password = "ptest";

        DbUtils.loadDriver(jdbcDriver);
        try {
            conn = DriverManager.getConnection(url, user, password);
            QueryRunner qr = new QueryRunner();
            List results = (List) qr.query(conn, "select id,name from person", new MapListHandler());
            for (int i = 0; i < results.size(); i++) {
                Map map = (Map) results.get(i);
                System.out.println("id:" + map.get("id") + ",name:" + map.get("name"));
            }
        } catch (SQLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            DbUtils.closeQuietly(conn);
        }
    }
}

 

9、Email 提供的一个开源的API,是对javamail的封装。

//用commons email发送邮件
public static void main(String args[]){
		Email email = new SimpleEmail();
		email.setHostName("smtp.googlemail.com");
		email.setSmtpPort(465);
		email.setAuthenticator(new DefaultAuthenticator("username", "password"));
		email.setSSLOnConnect(true);
		email.setFrom("user@gmail.com");
		email.setSubject("TestMail");
		email.setMsg("This is a test mail ... :-)");
		email.addTo("foo@bar.com");
		email.send();
	}

 

10、FileUpload java web文件上传功能。

//官方示例:
//* 检查请求是否含有上传文件
	// Check that we have a file upload request
	boolean isMultipart = ServletFileUpload.isMultipartContent(request);

	//现在我们得到了items的列表

	//如果你的应用近于最简单的情况,上面的处理就够了。但我们有时候还是需要更多的控制。
	//下面提供了几种控制选择:
	// Create a factory for disk-based file items
	DiskFileItemFactory factory = new DiskFileItemFactory();

	// Set factory constraints
	factory.setSizeThreshold(yourMaxMemorySize);
	factory.setRepository(yourTempDirectory);

	// Create a new file upload handler
	ServletFileUpload upload = new ServletFileUpload(factory);

	// 设置最大上传大小
	upload.setSizeMax(yourMaxRequestSize);

	// 解析所有请求
	List /* FileItem */ items = upload.parseRequest(request);

	// Create a factory for disk-based file items
	DiskFileItemFactory factory = new DiskFileItemFactory(
	        yourMaxMemorySize, yourTempDirectory);

	//一旦解析完成,你需要进一步处理item的列表。
	// Process the uploaded items
	Iterator iter = items.iterator();
	while (iter.hasNext()) {
	    FileItem item = (FileItem) iter.next();

	    if (item.isFormField()) {
	        processFormField(item);
	    } else {
	        processUploadedFile(item);
	    }
	}

	//区分数据是否为简单的表单数据,如果是简单的数据:
	// processFormField
	if (item.isFormField()) {
	    String name = item.getFieldName();
	    String value = item.getString();
	    //...省略步骤
	}

	//如果是提交的文件:
	// processUploadedFile
	if (!item.isFormField()) {
	    String fieldName = item.getFieldName();
	    String fileName = item.getName();
	    String contentType = item.getContentType();
	    boolean isInMemory = item.isInMemory();
	    long sizeInBytes = item.getSize();
	    //...省略步骤
	}

	//对于这些item,我们通常要把它们写入文件,或转为一个流
	// Process a file upload
	if (writeToFile) {
	    File uploadedFile = new File(...);
	    item.write(uploadedFile);
	} else {
	    InputStream uploadedStream = item.getInputStream();
	    //...省略步骤
	    uploadedStream.close();
	}

	//或转为字节数组保存在内存中:
	// Process a file upload in memory
	byte[] data = item.get();
	//...省略步骤
	//如果这个文件真的很大,你可能会希望向用户报告到底传了多少到服务端,让用户了解上传的过程
	//Create a progress listener
	ProgressListener progressListener = new ProgressListener(){
	   public void update(long pBytesRead, long pContentLength, int pItems) {
	       System.out.println("We are currently reading item " + pItems);
	       if (pContentLength == -1) {
	           System.out.println("So far, " + pBytesRead + " bytes have been read.");
	       } else {
	           System.out.println("So far, " + pBytesRead + " of " + pContentLength
	                              + " bytes have been read.");
	       }
	   }
	};
	upload.setProgressListener(progressListener);

 

11、HttpClien 基于HttpCore实 现的一个HTTP/1.1兼容的HTTP客户端,它提供了一系列可重用的客户端身份验证、HTTP状态保持、HTTP连接管理module。

//GET方法
import java.io.IOException;
import org.apache.commons.httpclient.*;
import org.apache.commons.httpclient.methods.GetMethod;
import org.apache.commons.httpclient.params.HttpMethodParams;

public class GetSample{
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		// 构造HttpClient的实例
		HttpClient httpClient = new HttpClient();
		// 创建GET方法的实例
		GetMethod getMethod = new GetMethod("http://www.ibm.com");
		// 使用系统提供的默认的恢复策略
		getMethod.getParams().setParameter(HttpMethodParams.RETRY_HANDLER,
				new DefaultHttpMethodRetryHandler());
		try {
			// 执行getMethod
			int statusCode = httpClient.executeMethod(getMethod);
			if (statusCode != HttpStatus.SC_OK) {
				System.err.println("Method failed: "
						+ getMethod.getStatusLine());
			}
			// 读取内容
			byte[] responseBody = getMethod.getResponseBody();
			// 处理内容
			System.out.println(new String(responseBody));
		} catch (HttpException e) {
			// 发生致命的异常,可能是协议不对或者返回的内容有问题
			System.out.println("Please check your provided http address!");
			e.printStackTrace();
		} catch (IOException e) {
			// 发生网络异常
			e.printStackTrace();
		} finally {
			// 释放连接
			getMethod.releaseConnection();
		}
	}
}

//POST方法
import java.io.IOException;
import org.apache.commons.httpclient.*;
import org.apache.commons.httpclient.methods.PostMethod;
import org.apache.commons.httpclient.params.HttpMethodParams;

public class PostSample{
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		// 构造HttpClient的实例
		HttpClient httpClient = new HttpClient();
		// 创建POST方法的实例
		String url = "http://www.oracle.com/";
		PostMethod postMethod = new PostMethod(url);
		// 填入各个表单域的值
		NameValuePair[] data = { new NameValuePair("id", "youUserName"),
		new NameValuePair("passwd", "yourPwd") };
		// 将表单的值放入postMethod中
		postMethod.setRequestBody(data);
		// 执行postMethod
		int statusCode = httpClient.executeMethod(postMethod);
		// HttpClient对于要求接受后继服务的请求,象POST和PUT等不能自动处理转发
		// 301或者302
		if (statusCode == HttpStatus.SC_MOVED_PERMANENTLY || 
		statusCode == HttpStatus.SC_MOVED_TEMPORARILY) {
		    // 从头中取出转向的地址
		    Header locationHeader = postMethod.getResponseHeader("location");
		    String location = null;
		    if (locationHeader != null) {
		     location = locationHeader.getValue();
		     System.out.println("The page was redirected to:" + location);
		    } else {
		     System.err.println("Location field value is null.");
		    }
		    return;
		}
	}
}

 

12、IO 对java.io的扩展 操作文件非常方便。

//1.读取Stream

//标准代码:
InputStream in = new URL( "http://jakarta.apache.org" ).openStream();
try {
       InputStreamReader inR = new InputStreamReader( in );
       BufferedReader buf = new BufferedReader( inR );
       String line;
       while ( ( line = buf.readLine() ) != null ) {
          System.out.println( line );
       }
  } finally {
    in.close();
  }

//使用IOUtils

InputStream in = new URL( "http://jakarta.apache.org" ).openStream();
try {
    System.out.println( IOUtils.toString( in ) );
} finally {
    IOUtils.closeQuietly(in);
}

//2.读取文件
File file = new File("/commons/io/project.properties");
List lines = FileUtils.readLines(file, "UTF-8");
//3.察看剩余空间
long freeSpace = FileSystemUtils.freeSpace("C:/");

 

13、Lang 主要是一些公共的工具集合,比如对字符、数组的操作等等。

JAVA:Apache Commons工具集简介, BeanUtils, FileUpload, IO, Validator, Compress
JAVA:Apache Commons工具集简介, BeanUtils, FileUpload, IO, Validator, Compress
	// 1 合并两个数组: org.apache.commons.lang. ArrayUtils
		// 有时我们需要将两个数组合并为一个数组,用ArrayUtils就非常方便,示例如下:
		private static void testArr() {
			String[] s1 = new String[] { "1", "2", "3" };
			String[] s2 = new String[] { "a", "b", "c" };
			String[] s = (String[]) ArrayUtils.addAll(s1, s2);
			for (int i = 0; i < s.length; i++) {
				System.out.println(s[i]);
			}
			String str = ArrayUtils.toString(s);
			str = str.substring(1, str.length() - 1);
			System.out.println(str + ">>" + str.length());

		}
		//2 截取从from开始字符串
		StringUtils.substringAfter("SELECT * FROM PERSON ", "from");
		//3 判断该字符串是不是为数字(0~9)组成,如果是,返回true 但该方法不识别有小数点和 请注意
		StringUtils.isNumeric("454534"); //返回true
		//4.取得类名
        System.out.println(ClassUtils.getShortClassName(Test.class));
        //取得其包名
        System.out.println(ClassUtils.getPackageName(Test.class));
       
        //5.NumberUtils
        System.out.println(NumberUtils.stringToInt("6"));
        //6.五位的随机字母和数字
        System.out.println(RandomStringUtils.randomAlphanumeric(5));
        //7.StringEscapeUtils
        System.out.println(StringEscapeUtils.escapeHtml("<html>"));
        //输出结果为&lt;html&gt;
        System.out.println(StringEscapeUtils.escapeJava("String"));
       
        //8.StringUtils,判断是否是空格字符
        System.out.println(StringUtils.isBlank("   "));
        //将数组中的内容以,分隔
        System.out.println(StringUtils.join(test,","));
        //在右边加下字符,使之总长度为6
        System.out.println(StringUtils.rightPad("abc", 6, 'T'));
        //首字母大写
        System.out.println(StringUtils.capitalize("abc"));
        //Deletes all whitespaces from a String 删除所有空格
        System.out.println( StringUtils.deleteWhitespace("   ab  c  "));
        //判断是否包含这个字符
        System.out.println( StringUtils.contains("abc", "ba"));
        //表示左边两个字符
        System.out.println( StringUtils.left("abc", 2));
        System.out.println(NumberUtils.stringToInt("33"));

14、Logging 提供的是一个Java 的日志接口,同时兼顾轻量级和不依赖于具体的日志实现工具。

import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;

	public class CommonLogTest {
	 private static Log log = LogFactory.getLog(CommonLogTest.class);
	 //日志打印
	 public static void main(String[] args) {
		 log.error("ERROR");
		 log.debug("DEBUG");
		 log.warn("WARN");
		 log.info("INFO");
		 log.trace("TRACE");
	  System.out.println(log.getClass());
	 }

	}

 

15、Validator 通用验证系统,该组件提供了客户端和服务器端的数据验证框架。

验证日期

// 获取日期验证
      DateValidator validator = DateValidator.getInstance();

      // 验证/转换日期
      Date fooDate = validator.validate(fooString, "dd/MM/yyyy");
      if (fooDate == null) {
          // 错误 不是日期
          return;
      }

表达式验证

// 设置参数
      boolean caseSensitive = false;
      String regex1   = "^([A-Z]*)(?:\\-)([A-Z]*)*$"
      String regex2   = "^([A-Z]*)$";
      String[] regexs = new String[] {regex1, regex1};

      // 创建验证
      RegexValidator validator = new RegexValidator(regexs, caseSensitive);

      // 验证返回boolean
      boolean valid = validator.isValid("abc-def");

      // 验证返回字符串
      String result = validator.validate("abc-def");

      // 验证返回数组
      String[] groups = validator.match("abc-def");

配置文件中使用验证

<form-validation>
   <global>
       <validator name="required"
          classname="org.apache.commons.validator.TestValidator"
          method="validateRequired"
          methodParams="java.lang.Object, org.apache.commons.validator.Field"/>
    </global>
    <formset>
    </formset>
</form-validation>

添加姓名验证.

<form-validation>
   <global>
       <validator name="required"
          classname="org.apache.commons.validator.TestValidator"
          method="validateRequired"
          methodParams="java.lang.Object, org.apache.commons.validator.Field"/>
    </global>
    <formset>
       <form name="nameForm">
          <field property="firstName" depends="required">
             <arg0 key="nameForm.firstname.displayname"/>
          </field>
          <field property="lastName" depends="required">
             <arg0 key="nameForm.lastname.displayname"/>
          </field>
       </form>
    </formset>
</form-validation>

验证类

 Excerpts from org.apache.commons.validator.RequiredNameTest
//加载验证配置文件
InputStream in = this.getClass().getResourceAsStream("validator-name-required.xml");

ValidatorResources resources = new ValidatorResources(in);
//这个是自己创建的bean 我这里省略了
Name name = new Name();

Validator validator = new Validator(resources, "nameForm");
//设置参数
validator.setParameter(Validator.BEAN_PARAM, name);


Map results = null;
//验证
results = validator.validate();

if (results.get("firstName") == null) {
    //验证成功
} else {
    //有错误     int errors = ((Integer)results.get("firstName")).intValue();
}

更多参考:

https://github.com/Vedenin/useful-java-links 极好的整理总结
https://github.com/Vedenin/useful-java-links#8–json
https://github.com/Vedenin/useful-java-links/tree/master/helloworlds/3.8-json

https://github.com/akullpp/awesome-java 极好的整理总结
https://java.libhunt.com/categories
https://github.com/akullpp/awesome-java#utility
https://github.com/akullpp/awesome-java#json
https://github.com/akullpp/awesome-java#web-frameworks
https://github.com/akullpp/awesome-java#template-engine
http://mvnrepository.com/popular 极好的搜索引擎及归类
http://mvnrepository.com/tags
http://mvnrepository.com/open-source/template-engines
2011-08 ProgramCreek:最常用的Java库一览 http://www.importnew.com/7530.html
Github最流行的10,000个Java项目使用的类库 http://www.importnew.com/7743.html
2013-12 GitHub’s 10,000 most Popular Java Libraries http://java.dzone.com/articles/github’s-10000-most-popular

Java集合与工具库:
https://github.com/Vedenin/useful-java-links#collections
https://github.com/Vedenin/useful-java-links/tree/master/helloworlds/1.6-usefull-libraries/collections

Apache Commonswikicommons.apache.orgguide:github上的使用流行度依次为IO, Lang, Logging, Codec, Collections, dbcp等[ref]

http://commons.apache.org/proper/commons-fileupload/
http://mvnrepository.com/open-source/http-clients
What is the most accurate encoding detector? http://stackoverflow.com/q/3759356
Java : How to determine the correct charset encoding of a stream http://stackoverflow.com/q/499010

Google Guavawikigithub,**code.google.commvn:最初名为Google Collections,2007.10 v0.5[ref],2009年年末创建Guava[ref],The Guava project contains several of Google’s core libraries that we rely on in our Java-based projects: collections, caching, primitives support, concurrency libraries, common annotations, string processing, I/O, and so forth.

2010-01 Google Collection 1.0增强了对Java集合框架的支持 http://www.infoq.com/cn/news/2010/01/google_collections_10
2011-07 Google Guava Collections使用介绍 http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/cn/java/j-lo-googlecollection/
Standard concise way to copy a file in Java? http://stackoverflow.com/q/106770
How to convert byte size into human readable format in java? http://stackoverflow.com/q/3758606
Apache Commons vs. Guava (formerly “Google Collections”) http://stackoverflow.com/q/1444437
What are the big improvements between guava and apache equivalent libraries? http://stackoverflow.com/q/4542550

Json与XML解析处理库:
https://github.com/akullpp/awesome-java#rest-frameworks
https://github.com/akullpp/awesome-java#json
http://mvnrepository.com/open-source/json-libraries
http://mvnrepository.com/tags/xml
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gson
https://github.com/bura/json-benchmarks 比较Groovy,Jackson,Gson等
https://github.com/FasterXML/jackson
http://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.fasterxml.jackson.core
http://json-lib.sourceforge.net/
2014-05 Groovy 2.3使用快得多的JSON解析器,替换Jackson http://www.infoq.com/cn/news/2014/05/groovy-2.3-json
2013-05 处理JSON的Java API标准发布 JSR-353(Java 9新增特性) http://www.infoq.com/cn/news/2013/05/standard-java-api-for-json

http://wiki.fasterxml.com/JacksonDataBinding
Jackson serialization: ignore empty values (or null) http://stackoverflow.com/q/16089651
JSON: JsonMappingException while try to deserialize object with null values http://stackoverflow.com/q/18096589

HTML解析操作库:
http://mvnrepository.com/open-source/html-parsers
https://github.com/akullpp/awesome-java#web-crawling
2010-08 开源HTML解析工具包jsoup 1.3.1发布 http://www.infoq.com/cn/news/2010/08/jsoup1.3.1/
使用 jsoup 对 HTML 文档进行解析和操作 http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/cn/java/j-lo-jsouphtml/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dom4j
http://dom4j.sourceforge.net/dom4j-1.6.1/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JDOM
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XStream

Java数值计算库:
http://mvnrepository.com/open-source/math-libraries
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_numerical_libraries#Java
http://code.google.com/p/java-matrix-benchmark/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JAMA_%28numerical_linear_algebra_library%29
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colt_%28libraries%29

Java视频库
https://github.com/artclarke/xuggle-xuggler
https://github.com/artclarke/humble-video
2012-10 Video Processing Library for Java http://stackoverflow.com/q/13011397

时间和日期:
How convert Gregorian to Chinese Lunar Calendar? http://stackoverflow.com/q/28923204
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Components_for_Unicode
https://github.com/zzyss86/LunarCalendar
https://github.com/isee15/Lunar-Solar-Calendar-Converter

代码生成:
https://github.com/rzwitserloot/lombok
https://projectlombok.org/features/index.html
Lombok Plugin https://plugins.jetbrains.com/plugin/6317
2016-01 Java Tip of the Week #1 – Lombok (radcortez.com) https://redd.it/3zvbl2

 

本文:JAVA:Apache Commons工具集简介, BeanUtils, FileUpload, IO, Validator, Compress